The United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.


Land area: 93,278 sq mi (241,590 sq km); total area: 94,526 sq mi (244,820 sq km)

Population (latest est.): 60,776,238 (growth rate: 0.3%); birth rate: 10.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.0/1000;
life expectancy: 78.7; density per sq mi: 652

Capital and largest city (latest est.): London, 7,615,000 (metro. area), 7,429,200 (city proper)

Other large cities: Glasgow, 1,099,400; Birmingham, 971,800; Liverpool, 461,900; Edinburgh, 460,000; Leeds, 417,000; Bristol, 406,500; Manchester, 390,700; Bradford, 288,400

Monetary unit: Pound sterling (£)

Languages: English, Welsh, Scots Gaelic

Ethnicity/race: English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%; Northern Irish 2.9%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% (2001)

Religions: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001)

Literacy rate: 99% (2000 est.)

Climate : Weather is generally cool to mild with frequent cloud and rain. The climate of Britain is variable and changeable from day to day. Visitors to Britain are often surprised by the long summer days and winter days are short. Extremes of weather are rare in Britain.

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (latest est.): $1.93 trillion; per capita $31,800. Real growth rate: 2.8%. Inflation: 3%. Unemployment: 2.9%. Labor force: 30.07 million; Industries: machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, information technology, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods. Exports: $468.8 billion (latest est.). Imports: $603 billion (latest est.). Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, France, Ireland, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Italy, China.

Communications (latest est): Telephones: main lines in use: 32.943 million; mobile cellular: 61.1 million. Radio


broadcast stations: AM 219, FM 431, shortwave 3 . Radios: 84.5 million. Television broadcast stations: 228.


Televisions: 30.5 million. Internet Hosts: 6.1 million. Internet users: 37.6 million.

Transportation: Railways: total: 17,156 km. Highways: total: 388,008 km. Waterways: 3,200 km. Ports and harbors: Aberdeen, Belfast, Bristol, Cardiff, Dover, Falmouth, Felixstowe, Glasgow, Grangemouth, Hull, Leith, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Peterhead, Plymouth, Portsmouth, Scapa Flow, Southampton, Sullom Voe, Teesport, Tyne. Airports: 471.




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