Canada is a vast country, covering most of the northern part of the North American continent and with an area larger than that of the United States.


Canada is a federation of ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut).

Land area: 3,511,003 sq mi (9,093,507 sq km); total area: 3,855,102 sq mi (9,984,670 sq km)

Population (latest est.): 33,390,141 (growth rate: 0.9%); birth rate: 10.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.6/1000; life expectancy: 80.3; density per sq mi: 9

Capital (2004 est.): Ottawa, Ontario, 1,142,700 (metro. area)

Largest cities (metropolitan areas) (latest est.): Toronto, 5,203,600; Montreal, 3,606,700; Vancouver, 2,160,000; Calgary, 1,037,100; Edmonton, 1,101,600; Quebec, 710,700; Hamilton, 710,300; Winnipeg, 702,400; London, 459,700; Kitchener, 450,100

Monetary unit: Canadian dollar

Languages: English 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); other 17.5%

Ethnicity/race: British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Indian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%

Religions: Roman Catholic 43%, Protestant 23% (including United Church 10%, Anglican 7%, Baptist 2%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4%, Hindu 2% Muslim 2%, none 14%
Literacy rate: 99% (latest est.)

Climate: a large part of Canada lies within the Arctic Circle, and only a narrow strip close to the southern border with the United States has a temperate climate.

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (latest est.): $1.09 trillion; per capita $35,200. Real growth rate: 2.8%.


Unemployment: 3.4%. Labor force: 16.3 million (latest est.). Industries: transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, information technology, petroleum and natural gas. Exports: $405 billion (latest est.). Imports: $353.2 billion (latest est.). Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, UK, China, Mexico.

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 18.276 million ; mobile cellular: 16.6 million. Radio broadcast stations: AM 245, FM 582, shortwave 6. Television broadcast stations: 80. Internet hosts: 3.934 million. Internet users: 21.9 million.

Transportation: Railways: total: 48,467 km km . Highways: total: 1,042,300 km Waterways: 631 km.. Ports and harbors: Fraser River Port, Goderich, Montreal, Port Cartier, Quebec, Saint John's (Newfoundland), Sept Isles, Vancouver. Airports: 1,337 (latest est.).




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