Australia is a large island continent, which is only a little smaller than the United States but its less population is comparable with that of Canada.



Land area: 2,941,283 sq mi (7,617,931 sq km); total area: 2,967,893 sq mi (7,686,850 sq km)

Population (latest est.): 20,434,176 (growth rate: 0.8%); birth rate: 12.0/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.6/1000; life expectancy: 80.6; density per sq mi: 7

Capital (latest est.): Canberra, 327,700

Largest cities: Sydney, 4,250,100; Melbourne, 3,610,800; Brisbane, 1,545,700; Perth, 1,375,200; Adelaide, 1,087,600

Monetary unit: Australian dollar

Languages: English 79%, native and other languages

Ethnicity/race: Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%

Religions: Roman Catholic 26%, Anglican 21%, other Christian 21%, Buddhist 2%, Hindu 2% Islam 2%, other 14%
Literacy rate: 100% (latest est.)

Climate: Most of Australia's population lives in the climatically favoured regions. Much of Australia is warm or hot throughout the year, and even along the cooler southern coasts the winters are mild rather than cold.

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (latest est.): $642.1 billion; per capita $32,000. Real growth rate: 2.6%.


Unemployment: 5.2%. Labor force: 10.42 million. Industries: mining, information technology, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel. Exports: $103 billion (latest est.). Imports: $119.6 billion (latest est.). Major trading partners: Japan, China, U.S., South Korea, New Zealand, India, UK, Germany, Singapore.

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 11.66 million. mobile cellular: 16.48 million. Radio broadcast stations: AM 262, FM 345, shortwave 1. Television broadcast stations: 104. Internet hosts: 5,351,622. Internet users: 14,189,544.

Transportation: Railways: total: 54,652 km (3,859 km electrified). Highways: total: 811,601 km. Waterways: 2,000 km. Ports and harbors: Brisbane, Dampier, Fremantle, Gladstone, Hay Point, Melbourne, Newcastle, Port Hedland, Port Kembla, Port Walcott, Sydney. Airports: 450.




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